According to the University of Maryland School of Medicine, glutamine is the most abundant amino acid in the body. Amino acids are the building blocks of protein and are essential for muscle repair and healing. When the body isn't stressed it generally produces a sufficient amount of glutamine, but under some circumstances—such as when you're recovering from an injury or on an intense bodybuilding routine—extra glutamine can be helpful.
Glutamine—sometimes abbreviated as Gln or Q—also removes excess ammonia from the body, and helps your immune system function properly. It also is important in digestion and in normal brain function.
Under normal circumstances, glutamine represents about 30% of the amino acids in the human body. It's produced in the muscles and fat, and also is synthesized in the brain, liver, and lungs. In addition, when you eat beans, poultry, fish, or dairy products you also are getting some supplemental glutamine naturally.
Most of the glutamine that your body normally produces is used by your immune system and your digestive tract. However, when you're on a kick-ass training program, you may need to supplement what you're taking with a product such as AllMax Nutrition Micronized Glutamine.
To understand the benefits of AllMax Nutrition Micronized Glutamine, we need to first look at anabolism and catabolism.
Anabolism—or biosynthesis—is the process by which the body synthesizes complex organic molecules from simpler ones. In anabolism, a few compounds are put together in a multitude of ways to create many end products.
Catabolism is the opposite process. In catabolism, the body breaks down complex molecules into simple ones. The energy released during this process is used for synthesizes other compounds needed to keep the body healthy.
Glutamine helps the body maintain its anabolic state. When you train, having extra glutamine in your system means that your body can optimize its use of this important amino acid. Intense exercise depletes glutamine, so maintaining an adequate level of Gln is important to protect your immune system and maintain muscle size and mass. Scientific studies have shown that glutamine supplementation can help maintain the level of Gln that you need.
When you exercise, your body releases the stress hormone cortisol. This hormone, in turn, increases your body's rate of catabolism. Researchers have shown that high levels of cortisol actually can interfere with muscle protein synthesis and repair. Glutamine supplementation can help block that action of cortisol.
The bottom line is that glutamine supplementation can increase glutamine levels in the body, and reduce catabolism. This means that muscle breakdown is reduced. It also means that the ideal time to take AllMax Nutrition Micronized Glutamine is just after working out when catabolism is at its highest.